Commercials that you see on TV  (is / are) ____ aimed at children. The woman  whose name is Greek is on the phone. She works at a bank. Our online exercises for English help you to learn and practice grammar rules in an interactive manner. Step 1: What is the same here in these two sentences? The boy {whose name the teacher had called} stood up. Let’s learn one more thing before we do more exercises. If you have any questions or if you find a mistake, please leave a comment below. Relative pronouns and clauses in English - grammar exercises. The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language. This means we should use a subject relative pronoun, which are who/that/which. John lives in a town. Note: We can also replace adverbs like ‘here’ or ‘then’ with relative pronouns. Step 2: Replace the noun with the relative pronoun. I was born in 1978. Intermediate–Advanced ESL, Native Speaker, Preposition Placement in an Infinitive or Passive Clause, Preposition Placement in a Modifying Clause, To whom did you give your number?  very formal. Maybe he is a fisherman. If you found this page helpful, consider a donation to our hosting bill to show your support! They also act as the subject or object of the verb in the relative clause. 3. I live in a house. If you were confused, please review the first lesson on subject and object relative pronouns. The boy stood up. For example. We can use relative clauses to join two English sentences, or to give more information about something. Get 3 months membership for just €10.49 (≈ $12.48). Grammar Quizzes by Julie Sevastopoulos is licensed for use under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 International. Scroll up and re-read the table if you need to review which pronouns are used for subjects, objects, or other (adverbs). The boy stood up. Note: You may have noticed that sometimes I have put commas in the answers. She loves August. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. Welcome to Perfect English Grammar!. You met her parents last night. You can find anything you want on the Internet. The years when the "flower children" thrived, was a colorful decade. ‘When’ is used for places, of course. The teacher had called his name. Don’t worry about commas now if you haven’t studied them yet. I’ll be free then. The woman who called you is September is busy at the college. — Matthew Barton (copyright) / Creator of Which relative pronoun are we going to use? If we look at “___ I met Jill”, we can see that there is already a subject (“I”) and already an object (Jill is the object of met). The Internet is huge. E.g. Intermediate–Advanced, ESL, Native Speakers, The car    the lines of which are sleek   is excellent. 3. I didn’t know their names. Its head office is on Queen St. 4. Relative Pronouns–that/which. See The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language, 11 §3.1 and Longman Grammar Of Spoken And Written English, 2.13. A car that is very small  is economical to drive. I liked. The boy stood up {WHOSE name the teacher had called}. The birds sing songs in spring. Practice 1 – complete the sentence (MC). Their names were Mai and Yuko. My flight departs then. I love spring {when the birds sing songs}. 11:30 is the time. This can be confusing. Whose is another relative pronoun that is not used for objects or subjects. (link above). Grammar-Quizzes › Clauses ›  Relative Clause, Julie Sevastopoulos (contact) — ESL / ELL / TEFL — English Grammar Reference / Resource – Practices & Exercises – Palo Alto, California USA — John lives in a town. upset me. here. 2. There are three lessons in this unit: In our previous lesson, we learned how to use the relative pronouns ‘who/whom/that/which‘ in adjective clauses. Let’s look at two examples. I met two people from Japan yesterday. I have done these exercises. + I was born there. The Bay to Breakers race, (its, whose, that)  ____ name comes from its route, is fun for all. Well, none of the words are. We visited their house. We will use the word adjective clause. Step 4: Move the {adjective clause} behind the noun it modifies. here. → I bought a new car that is very fast. So the full sentence looks like this: John lives in a town {which is near the ocean}. Susie is my friend. I applied to work there once. The city  where the "flower children" began,  is a colorful city. (when, while, because, since, though, if , so, etc.). preferred the isolated location of the island. Rule: When the place or time is not the subject or object, then you can use the relative pronouns where and when. Step 4: Move the {adjective clause} behind the noun it modifies. Use subject relative pronouns (who/that/which), object relative pronouns (whom/that/which), as well as use when/where/whose. The word — that you looked up — is not in my dictionary. He works in the town WHERE. (See a list of all the exercises about relative clauses here.) Here’s an example: John lives in a town. I hit his car with my car. I study at a college. A talk show [which is] trying to improve its rating may plan a fight.Â, The woman [who is] seated behind me is eating popcorn.Â. So we use an object relative pronoun (that/which/(nothing)). Being a guy, he has a hard time understanding her point of view. (‘house’ the object of the verb bought in the second sentence). Step 4: Move the {adjective clause} behind the noun it describes (the boy). She lives in New York. = I live in a house {where my wife also lives}. (The picture Also known as that + be deletion, or changing a finite relative clause to a nonfinite relative clause. Now, the first step in making an adjective clause is finding a word in each sentence that refers to the same thing. My best friend lives in the town. If we look at the second sentence, He works in the town, we can see that the subject is ‘He’. Let’s do some exercises. *Being a guy, it is hard for him to understand her point of view. Greetings. Can you tell me — in what kind of person you are interested? (‘House’ is a subject in the second sentence). What, where, who, whom, whose, which, that, when Her husband was in the movie. Welcome! Step 1: Find two words that refer to the same thing in each sentence. Step 3: Move the relative pronoun (whose) and the noun it modifies to the beginning of the clause. English Current recommends Grammarly as a learning tool to reduce English mistakes. I live in a house. It is an adverb of place. The car    with the sleek lines is excellent. The next step is replacing the second word (‘The town’) with a relative pronoun (who/whom/that/which/where/when/whose). What does ‘then’ refer to? The teacher had called hisWHOSE name. That’s it. Quickly, let’s look at two sentences that refer to the same ‘house’. I live in a house. But sometimes places can be things. The birds sing songs in spring WHEN. (link above). upset me. ), Intermediate–Advanced ESL, Native Speakers. The committee meeting next week will discuss a new bill. I will have more time then. It is very fast. To make sure that you understand the correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations as well as handy tips and tricks. We only use where or when to replace words that are not the subjects of a sentence. WHEN the birds sing songs in spring . We use them to replace adverbs (of time or place). The federal agency, which was located in San Francisco, Now, it’s time for our final exercises. Language Focus: An explanation of how to use the relative pronouns where, when, and whose. Well, ‘The town’ is a place, but in the sentence, The town is near the ocean, the words ‘The town’ are the subject. My wife also lives in the house. So, we can use a pronoun for an adverb (when/where). Step 2: Replace the second word with a relative pronoun. Show Answer. 3. The word town is not the subject and it is not the object of a verb either. ‘town’) has prepositions or articles (e.g. It’s the same basically, except you move the relative pronoun whose and the noun it modifies. So, we can replace it with the relative pronoun ‘when’, and make a complex sentence with an adjective clause: I can meet you tomorrow {when I’ll be free}. 1. I hope you now understand how to use the relative pronouns where, when, and whose. Note: An adjective clause and relative clause are the same. See more relative clauses exercises here. = I live in a house {that/which/(nothing) I bought}. Because ‘The town‘ is the subject and a thing, we’ll use that or which. He works in the town. The town is near the ocean. With Lingolia Plus you can access 8 additional exercises about Relative Pronouns, as well as 723 online exercises to improve your English.

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