Mary and the Child Icon (13th Century) Saint Catherine's Monastery, Sinai, Egypt ( Wikimedia Commons ) Due to the departure of the Romans in the second half of the 4th century AD, lawlessness descended on the region, and the monastic communities eventually sought the aid of the Byzantine emperor. Yet at this time of isolation and hardship, the monks were consoled by the recovery of the relics of Saint Catherine and their translation to the monastery. Early in the fourth Century, Emperor Maxentius appointed fifty academics to debate with her but such were her powers of persuasion that they too converted to Christianity. If another auction participant places a bid for $125 dollars, the auction lot price will display $121 dollars having exceeded your previously submitted maximum bid by $1.00 dollar. The Emperor Constantine ended the persecution of the Christians. Qualities . At the same time, the peaceful way of life of the monks won the respect of the Moslem world. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. This was especially true of the Sinai dependency at Herakleon, in Crete, which at that time was ruled by the Most Serene Republic of Venice. At the same time, the monastery managed to avoid involvement in the political turmoil of that time, and did not deviate in … They maintain the ancient spiritual heritage of Sinai, a heritage that extends from the giving of the Law, through the whole of the Old and New Testaments, to the multitude of saints whose memory has been enshrined at Sinai – above all, to the All-holy Theotokos, to the holy prophets Moses and Elias, and to Saint Catherine. Our medal represents the eight points of the Maltese or Almafi cross, meaning the eight beatitudes taught by Christ in his Sermon on the Mount. Any future Noble Knight or Dame must have some of these qualities. The example of the Sultan was followed by the Christian rulers of Europe, who extended their protection and respect to the monastery. To this day, the fathers of Sinai commemorate the sovereigns Justinian and Theodora at every Liturgy as the founders of the holy monastery. eMedals proudly ships worldwide, see our shipping information. If another auction participant places a bid of $110 dollars, the system will subsequently place a bid of $111 dollars on your behalf. Saint Theodosia, early 13th century, Constantinople, tempera and gold on panel (34 x 25.6 x 2.2 cm) (The Holy Monastery of Saint Catherine, Sinai, Egypt) Saint Theodosia This 13th-century icon depicts Saint Theodosia and is one of five icons at Saint Catherine’s that depict the same saint. Footnote: Saint Catherine was born at el-Iskandariya (Alexandria), Egypt, in the late third Century. The Augusta Helen went to Jerusalem in the year AD 327, and the monks of Sinai appealed to her for the construction of a church at the site of the Burning Bush. It was at this same time that monks from Syria and Georgia came to Sinai, seeking refuge, and bringing with them precious manuscripts. As a result, we cannot show you the price in catalog or the product page. If the current auction price is $100 dollars and you place a maximum bid of $120 dollars, the system will bid $101 dollars on your behalf. The emperor also commanded that soldiers be sent to construct the basilica and fortress, and to continue to reside in the area and protect the monastery. Battle of Varna, Christopher Columbus, History, Legends, Lithuania, Order of Saint Catherine of Sinai, Poland, Wladyslaw III Jan Matejko, Wladyslaw III at Varna , (Detail), 1879. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. It is said that angels transported her body to the peak of Mount Sinaï where it rests in the seventeen-hundred-years-old Monastery of Saint Catherine. The Ottoman conquest of Egypt in 1517 brought the Holy Monastery of Sinai under the protection of Sultan Selim I, and reunited the monastery with the Orthodox patriarchates, as it had been in the days of the early Christian Empire.

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