The Spanish Royal Academy was founded in 1713, largely with the purpose of standardizing the language. il a lavé), and the Spanish subjunctive mood maintains separate present and past-tense forms. Since it is developed on the Iberian Peninsula, Spanish is also referred to as the Iberian Romance language like Galician, Portuguese, Catalan, etc. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like … Learning Spanish becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. Now that you know a bit about what the Spanish language is like today, let’s find out where the language came from! They supported Antonio de Nebrija’s publication of Arte de la Lengua Castellana (The Art of the Castilian Language), the first attempt to define the grammar of a European language. The origins of the Spanish language show that languages don’t form in isolation. In the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Spanish retains its status as the official language. They all trace their linguistic family lines back to the Indo-European language family, which we’ll learn about in just a bit. 1Latin superāre produced both sobrar and its learned doublet superar. In his widely-read book “A History of the Spanish Language,” author Ralph Penny traces the Spanish language all the way back to the Indo-European languages, but really, it might go even further back than that. Because the language differs so much internationally, other Spanish-speaking countries have their own academies to keep tabs on their regional features. For example, Spanish milagro, "miracle", is derived from Latin miraculum. Dialects emerged—and Latin American Spanish evolved. Spanish in Philippines & Africa. [6], The first steps toward standardization of written Castilian were taken in the 13th century by King Alfonso X of Castile, known as Alfonso el Sabio (Alfonso the Wise), in his court in Toledo. The mention of "influences" on the Spanish language refers primarily to lexical borrowing. Between 1726–1739 it produced its first dictionary (in six volumes). Learned words—that is, "bookish" words transmitted partly through writing and thus affected by their Latin form—became increasingly frequent with the works of Alfonso X in the mid-to-late 13th century. 4. To this day, Castilian Spanish remains the official language of that incredible country, Spain! (m) means that a noun is masculine. This fact makes Spanish a popular choice to learn, as native speakers are never too far away! Spanish and English have been trading vocabulary (and culture) for centuries. Click here to get a copy. A Romance language, Spanish can trace it roots back to the evolution of Latin in the southwest of Europe. The dialect of Spanish that we consider dominant in Europe is called Castellano or Castilian Spanish. It spread its wings and flew—and now calls the global community its home! The concept of “dialect” itself is very controversial and often has as much to do with historical and political implications as it does with linguistic tenets. There are some pronunciation points that make it sound different from Latin American Spanish. You may be wondering how Spanish ended up being spoken so far from the Iberian Peninsula. The Phoenicians settled on the Andalusian coast and founded Cádiz, Málaga, Almuñécar and Adra. They conquered almost all of Spain, except for some regions in the north, such as the Kingdom of Castile. The change from /f/ to /h/ occurred in the Romance speech of Old Castile and Gascon, but nowhere else nearby. [24], With the development of the Spanish Empire in the New World came lexical borrowing from indigenous languages of the Americas, especially vocabulary dealing with flora, fauna, and cultural concepts unique to the Americas. Thus, words were spelled without any such consonant in Old Spanish; in Modern Spanish, from the 16th century onward, it attempts to mimic the Latin spelling rather than continue Old Spanish orthography. Cuando el paciente vino a la consulta para hacerse el chequeo, el médico buscó su historial en la base de datos. As the old adage states: “A language is a dialect with an army and a navy.” In this case, the reference to the regional languages of Spain as “dialects” had a strong nationalistic (unifying) motivation. Barbacoa (barbecue), hamaca (hammock), and huracán (hurricane) are Arawak words. The phonological environment of these changes is not only between vowels but also after a vowel and before a sonorant consonant such as /r/ (Latin patrem > Spanish padre)—but not the reverse (Latin partem > Spanish parte, not *parde). Throughout the Middle Ages and into the early modern period, most literate Spanish-speakers were also literate in Latin; and thus they easily adopted Latin words into their writing—and eventually speech—in Spanish. Find out more. Origins in Latin. The presence of Spanish in Equatorial Guinea dates from the late 18th century, and it was adopted as the official language when independence was granted in 1968. It all started when the Spanish “conquistadores” led by Christopher Columbus (Cristobal Colon in Spanish) arrived in the Caribbean in 1492. Early in its history, Spanish lost such vowels where they preceded or followed R or L, and between S and T.[27][28][29]. The Visigoths spoke Latin at this time, and rather than a Germanic influence on the language, their main influence was of cultural depression on the peninsula, causing the form of Vulgar Latin spoken to develop in isolation in the 5th century. This also ensured that Spanish gained the greatest territory compared to the other languages, including Catalan, Basque, and Leonese. F was almost always initial in Latin words, and in Spanish most of them passed through a stage in which the consonant eventually developed to [h] and then was lost phonologically. A surge of written language is a high point for any society and Spain was no exception. In the 1960s and 1970s, the Spanish parliament agreed to allow regions to print official documents in their regional languages, and today the use of local languages is no longer illegal. Here's what's included: SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website. Over the past 1,000 years, the language expanded south to the Mediterranean Sea, and was late… [5], The "first written Spanish" was traditionally considered to have appeared in the Glosas Emilianenses located in San Millán de la Cogolla, La Rioja. Under this system, some languages of Spain—such as Aranese (an Occitan language of northwestern Catalonia), Basque, Catalan/Valencian, and Galician—have gained co-official status in their respective geographical areas. People started to write down the tales that were previously spread through oral storytelling, further evolving and refining the language. During the colonization of the Americas, most settlers came from the south of Spain; that is the cause, according to almost all scholars, for nearly all Spanish-speakers in the New World still speaking a language variety derived largely from the Western Andalusian and Canarian dialects. Labials (b, p, v) yielded the rounded glide [w] (which was in turn absorbed by a preceding round vowel), while the velar c ([k]) produced the palatal glide [j] (which could palatalize a following [t] and be absorbed by the resulting palatal affricate).

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