As an ionic chloride, LiCl is commonly used as a source of chloride ion in chemical reactions. Causes skin irritation. Its crystalline structure is presented in figure 3 (Winter, S.F.). You can disable the usage of cookies by changing the settings of your browser. Its other uses include: Making lithium metal through electrolysis of molten LiCl/KCl, Brazing flux for welding aluminum auto parts; In dry air streams, LiCl is used as a desiccant; Organic synthesis - it is an additive in Stille Reaction; Flame colorant as it produced dark red flames; Used in the process of calibrating hygrometers; In molten form, LiCl can be used to produce lithium niobate, and carbon nanotubes; When handling LiCl, precautions must be observed because the chemical has a variety of adverse effects on the central nervous system. LiCl is also used as a brazing flux for aluminium in automobile parts. It can in principle also be generated by the highly exothermic reaction of lithium metal with either chlorine or anhydrous hydrogen chloride gas. Lithium chloride is a chemical compound with a chemical formula “LiCl”. IUPAC Name: Lithium chloride Anhydrous LiCl is prepared from the hydrate by heating with a stream of hydrogen chloride. This white ionic compound is not only very soluble in water (569 g/L) but also in other polar solvents (alcohol, acetone). Fire Hazard. and are used as desiccant (Induces or sustains a state of dryness in its local vicinity in a moderately well-sealed container). Precautionary Statements: At 25 °C (77 °F) a saturated solution (45.8%) of the salt will yield an equilibrium relative humidity of 11.30%. Tel: 1-888-343-8025 or 1-978-521-6401 Lithium chloride are highly hygroscopic crystals with octahedral geometry similar to that of sodium chloride. A systemic resorption of lithium was shown in a study on 27 intensive care unit patients, who were mechanically ventilated with lithium-chloride-coated heat and moisture exchangers for at least 5 days. LiCl also absorbs up to four equivalents of ammonia/mol. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Ambient temperatures. All Rights Reserved. email: When hydrated, the salt crystallizes, but the process can be reversed through heating to obtain the anhydrous salt. or 1-978-521-6350 Very Hygroscopic. Keep, Replace your shopping cart with these items? Soluble in water methanol, ethanol, pyridine and formic acid. Effect of Lithium Chloride on Tuning the Reactivity of Pauson-Khand Reactions Catalyzed by Palladium-Tetramethylthiourea. IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Lithium chloride is a hygroscopic metal chloride with extraordinary solubility in most polar solvents. The percent relative humidity at 25 °C (77 °F) can be estimated, with minimal error in the range 10–30 °C (50–86 °F), from the following first order equation: RH=107.93-2.11C, where C is solution LiCl concentration, percent by mass. While the citrate, carbonate, and orotate salts are currently used to treat bipolar disorder, other lithium salts including the chloride were used in the past. Keep, Remove your current shopping cart and replace with the saved cart? 2012, 12 (2), 1038-1044. Maroon Group’s portfolio of companies. [12], Lithium salts affect the central nervous system in a variety of ways. Rinse mouth. 1.401.722.2410. Post the Definition of lithium chloride to Facebook, Share the Definition of lithium chloride on Twitter. Solubility. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Synthesis 2007, 2565-2570. The salt is a typical ionic compound (with certain covalent characters) , although the small size of the Li+ ion gives rise to properties not seen for other alkali metal chlorides, such as extraordinary solubility in polar solvents (83.05 g/100 mL of water at 20 °C) and its hygroscopic properties.[5].

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