Advisories/ Directions/ Orders/ Circulars, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on the Organic Food. Indeed, yields of organic crops have been found to be about 25 percent lower overall than conventionally grown crops, although this can vary considerably depending upon the type of crop. Although organic food production began as an alternative farming method outside the mainstream, it eventually became divided between two distinct paths: (1) small-scale farms that may not be formally certified organic and thus depend on informed consumers who seek out local, fresh, organically grown foods; and (2) large-scale certified organic food (fresh and processed) that is typically transported large distances and is distributed through typical grocery store chains. %PDF-1.5 Noncertified products cannot use the USDA organic seal, and violators face significant fines and penalties. The challenge for future organic agriculture will…. The market for organic food has grown significantly since the late 20th century, becoming a multibillion dollar industry with distinct production, processing, distribution, and retail systems. The Last Frontier Market is committed to providing the highest quality, fresh and natural food, health and wellness products. nt='G���E��o����6+�K����נ��|�p�+&yu��}���L��s �G�n��u+���������2��V x� �1��nУ���Y�����M}��$$�|�Jaϡ��xs���i��g�A��#Y���?�)��h���t�C�\�(�iٯ�y�0�B XJ�a�"�jЅY��L K:'H�; �^�ԕm�����)�r�M�Y:���|�V,j5�x$@��-��&����(U�,U޷��>?. To this end, NOP established three specific labels for consumers on organic food products: “100% organic,” “organic,” or “made with organic ***,” which signify that a product’s ingredients are 100 percent, at least 95 percent, or 70 percent organic, respectively. The question remains, however, whether organic food shipped in from across the globe is truly a sustainable method of food production. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Black Friday Sale! https://www.britannica.com/topic/organic-food. ��5�H�p�J�� �r�=���e�~���Oߝ�4ļWEh�pWo�$)���E���y�kvN�ب� ;����/^h��n��ƫ�b��W���b˴�� �RNv(N:����A�!%12b(Fz(Fn F��H �����C1�C1 e"".��D�^�2�����=�wq]��n:6�R�C���>M�k�BQ�9;TW0��PA��ͦ Cd����;!ʚk$�G�Yl¤�#�u����u�Ț��ؤ[IXb�{b���*����'�j���~}C��^�M�~��Ou��*E�kK�X�h4�H�H�j#Qn5҅} 1 0 obj In the United States, the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 began the process of establishing enforceable rules to mandate how agricultural products are grown, sold, and labeled. Updates? These policy goals go far beyond a defined listing of prohibited materials in organic production. Certified organic production methods prohibit the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, thus reducing chemical runoff and the pollution of soils and watersheds. �PȠ�B52衐Ad�����&��jͰq�q)j(�rC��0(&�x&�ZD�S��%�Ld]��A���.V�Um�c�r[m���h�h�N�a�m⩟"�$���?D�$2��Ѝ�ȫ���0�5�F+�H�u$M�>ɣV:ц* ��ha���Rߊ��� �N&�X��c5��%\kl� ����-��}��i,mϷO��`\��nZ�T�Qc������� �ǑR�6�Z5]�[WF��R70�e�FGo���ʒ�,�b���e�|��K��(�#~5���=�Ṵ�u�H�� In addition, principles of organic production in the EU are based on designing and managing farms to promote ecological systems and on using natural resources within the farming system. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In general, regulations surrounding organic food do not address more complex social concerns about family farms, farmworker wages, or farm size, and organic policy in some places does little to address animal welfare. endobj Research does not provide a clear answer. Healthline - What is Organic Food, and is it Better Than Non-Organic. %���� There also is disparity among farmers, since the organic certification process can be prohibitively expensive to some smaller-scale farmers. stream Certainly organically produced food from a local farmer who employs an integrated whole-farm approach is fairly environmentally sustainable, though the economic sustainability of such an endeavour can be challenging. ¹#Biological Conservation. Well established 1Kate Murphy, Organic Food Makers Reap Green Yields of Revenue, New York Times, Oct. 26, 1996, at A37. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Although certification subsidies exist in some places, such farmers often opt to sell directly to consumers at farmers’ markets, for example, and may decide to forgo organic certification altogether. Indeed, consumers typically buy organic food in order to reduce their exposure to pesticide residues and GMOs. Premium Membership is now 50% off! 1c�%N\8�n��V.ى8(��&R��~���z�f1n��������b��v� Display of organic produce at an outdoor farmers' market. Organic products are now sold in specialty stores and conventional supermarkets. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) regulates organic production through its National Organic Program (NOP), which serves to facilitate national and international marketing and sales of organically produced food and to assure consumers that USDA certified organic products meet uniform standards. By comparison, large-scale organic farms often require inputs generated off-site and may not employ integrated farming methods. Organic food, fresh or processed food produced by organic farming methods. <>>> A regulatory framework is most important when consumers and farmers are geographically separated, and such a framework is likely to cater to larger-scale producers who participate in a more industrial system. The regulations concerning organic food and organic products are based on a National List of Allowed and Prohibited Substances, which is a critical aspect of certified organic farming methods. ^�{HlZ�zGP?zq�Oٲ� d�F�F�3��뉽�t���-^Ȣ�gS$M��:�W�@��1�=��L�f����G? Organic food, fresh or processed food produced by organic farming methods. endobj x��\�o�F7��a�A*j���l����i�v.vZ�=(���%U���3��,�\��"�I;;�3���إ����2�q. According to recent research in the United States, organic food contains an average of 63% more calcium, 73% more iron, 125% more potassium, and 60% more zinc compared to conventional food products. �6 Read more about how to … While this decrease in synthetic chemical use benefits the environment compared with industrial agriculture, these methods may not promote long-term sustainability, since off-farm inputs usually require greater fossil fuel use than on-farm inputs.

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