Biotechnology in agriculture may increase the contamination of soil by heavy metals by adding one or more new genes into the plants. There is also the uncertainty of the long-term viability of genetically modified crops. To accomplish these goals, biotechnologists develop products to protect animals and crops from disease and help farmers identify the best animals and seeds to use in selective breeding programs. This can help farmers to grow food crops with better growth, nutrient profile and even yield. Genes inserted in the genetically modified food may get immune to the pesticides and insecticides with time. Plants produced using biotechnology techniques may poison wildlife by producing toxic proteins. Genetically modified crops may transfer genetic material into unmodified plants. Dear all friends, All of we know Agriculture Biotechnology is the emerging field in the dawn of 21 century. So, biotechnology in agriculture may induce some unknown risks to the environment in the future. Biotechnology is used in agriculture to increase yield, pest resistance, drought resistance, and herbicide resistance of crops. Genetic engineering and enzyme optimization processes help in developing feedstocks for efficient conversion and higher BTU outputs of fuel products. Biotechnology is used to reduce the amount of these unhealthy substances in corn and other food crops. For instance, a genetically engineered crop resistant to herbicide may transfer some of its traits to a weed resulting in an herbicide-resistant weed. Also, it is used in improving food nutrition so as to correct vitamins and mineral deficiencies amongst people. Agricultural biotechnology companies work to supply farmers with tools to increase the yield of plant and animal products, while lowering the costs of production. In the case of certain people, the immune system may not tolerate the desired genes inserted through genetically modified food. Agricultural biotechnology can also include production of plants such as orchids for ornamental purposes and plants that can be used for fuel production (biofuels). This may result in diseases getting immune to antibiotics and drugs. Biotechnology is used to manipulate biological systems for the processing of various products useful to human beings. Some scientists are concerned that genetically modified food may create new allergens. Biotechnology is used by scientists to find unwanted viruses and bacteria that may be present in food. This chapter is divided into three major sections. To prevent infections, fish farmers use vaccines, developed through biotechnology. Agricultural biotechnology companies work to supply farmers with tools to increase the yield of plant and animal products, while lowering the costs of production. Also, some agencies can also design crops to use as a bioweapon to threaten mankind, which leads to many ethical dilemmas as well. Genes were first inserted into corn using molecular techniques in 1989, and by the late 1990s farmers were growing millions of acres of transgenic corn. Biodiversity loss can weaken the ecosystems, putting food security at risk. Contributions | Funding | Legal | Privacy, Plant Tissue Culture - A Growing Area in Biotech, Synthetic Biology: Lowering environmental impact, Heal, Feed, Sustain: How Biotechnology Can Help Save the World, Environmental Science and Protection Technician, Microbiology Quality Control (QC) Technician, Biotech-Careers is funded in part by the National Science Foundation. One key finding is that particular phenotypic characteristics of a given transgenic plant determine its likely environmental interactions; the fact that recombinant DNA methods were used in its development only indirectly affects these interactions by influencing the phenotypic characteristics of the transgenic plant. The previous chapters review what is known about the environmental impact of commercialized transgenic crops and approaches for monitoring that might be adapted to screen for their unanticipated effects. Agriculturalists are also worried that biotechnology could lead to a decrease in biodiversity. Disadvantages of Biotechnology in Agriculture. This is because farmers may grow an engineered crops for more profitability and abandon other varieties. ← Crop Modeling in Agriculture: Types and Advantages in Increasing Quality Yield, Remote irrigation monitoring and control →, The Conditions necessary for Fast Germination, Delonix regia (Flamboyant) Plant Properties, Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis) Properties & Uses, How Hydra Reproduce Sexually and Asexually, How Yeast Reproduce Sexually and Asexually, Characteristics of Spirogyra (Water Silk) – Structure and Reproduction, Cats Signs of Affection – Does your Pet Headbutt and Lick you, Maize Diseases and Ways to Prevent or Control them, Rice Diseases and How to Prevent/Control it for Higher Yield Advantage, How to Feed Beagle Dog Properly: The Dos and Donts for Puppies and Adults, Food Biotechnology: Application Examples, Advantages and Disadvantages. If the fish were infected by certain viruses, the fish would die and the farm would lose money. For example, genetically engineering rice is developed to increase vitamin A. This new varieties can be made to tolerate herbicides used on the farms, develop resistance against bacteria and virus attacks. Biotechnology is used in many ways in agriculture. Genetically engineered crops with higher yields can cause overproduction in some countries leading to market instability.

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