Indifference or apathy about an issue of importance to the reader, Negative evaluation or judgment of the reader (as opposed to neutral descriptions or observations), Skepticism or doubt about the reader's credibility or the legitimacy of their claims. Henry Sweet, an English phonetician and language scholar, stated: “Language is the expression of ideas by means of speech-sounds combined into words. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It makes no difference to me.". Either word might be equally appropriate, depending upon the reader and situation. Displacement 4. Notice that these terms can vary widely in the meaning to different people. The statements at the top, which are more abstract, can be interpreted in many possible ways, and leave many questions answered. This can lead to poor health.". There are six existing ones and, depending on the function, a particular type of specific language will be used. The statements at the bottom, which are more concrete, are less open to multiple interpretations. The following are common characteristics of language. Each of the following are actual headlines printed in newspapers. Discreetness. Concise Language. Why would these examples create defensiveness in the reader? Notice their double meaning. 2. By using language that is familiar to the reader, the message is likely to have more impact. I am considering dropping out and taking the class next quarter from Dr. Johnstone, who can explain the information much more clearly. (1) It is widely discussed by employees that many of them will be forced to change jobs and take on new responsibilities when the merger takes place between the two companies. Replace the phrase "...when the merger takes place between the two companies" with "...when the two companies merge." What numerical value would you assign to each of them? In short, it is wise to think carefully about your choice of words and their potential interpretations. Today's English is 5x larger than Shakespeare's dictionary. Without language, the world would be meaningless. Ends Cyber Monday: Get your study survival kit for 50% off! To communicate effectively, it is not enough to have well organized ideas expressed in complete and coherent sentences and paragraphs. Words are combined into sentences, this combination answering to that of ideas into thoughts.” The American linguists Bernard … 2. Effective teaching means being passionate about learning, loving kids, … Concrete and Specific Language. One of the most important functions of language is to build "homophily" or a sense of commonality with one's readers. To communicate effectively, precise and clear language is essential. Consider the following examples. (4) He's an interesting individual. (2) Our student body is dull and slack-minded. Displacement 4. This can include information, emotion, imagination and other elements of thought such as humor. • PRODUCTIVITY/ CREATIVITY: Whatever we speak or create is productivity. Consider the examples below. (2) Before making a decision about whether the person on trial is guilty or innocent in this case, the members of the jury should be sure to carefully think about, ponder and reflect on all of the important and relevant testimony in the case. How could you change the use of language to make these examples more constructive? Participants generally agreed that effective teachers speak the target language well (preferably at an advanced level) and also understand the target culture. Each language is unique in its own sense. P>, (1) probable Language which is foreign and unfamiliar to the reader tends to emphasize the differences between writer and reader, and makes the message difficult to understand. The quantity of characteristics which are used to characterize language will vary, depending on the text referenced. In actuality, the range of values varies greatly because these terms are relative: they can mean different things to different people in different situations. • PRODUCTIVITY/ CREATIVITY: Whatever we speak or create is productivity. CHARACTERISTICS OF HUMAN LANGUAGE 1. In both examples above, the language that is used is unfamiliar to the readers. … (4) unlikely Perhaps you should take an easier course from an easier professor. A second way to reduce wordiness is to eliminate "filler" words which serve no purpose in the sentence. Speaking itself is productivity. "The presently assigned paper necessitates an eloquently articulated analysis of the Existentialist perspective as it pertains to contemporary living. Duality 6. Start studying 6 Characteristics of Language. These characteristics of language set human language apart from animal communication. Humans developed oral communication (50,000 years ago) and written symbols (2,000 years ago) to represent ideas/things around them. is best answered with a comparison: "Compared to that Honda, the Acura is expensive. Cultural transmission 3. Notice how much more effective the statements become as the language becomes more specific and concrete. • Humans can talk about topics that are displaced. For this reason, it is important to choose language which is as precise and clear as possible. He is lazy and discourteous Primarily, language is the instrument of communication and dissemination of... Social Construction of Language. He is untidy and unclean Notice the excessive wordiness in the following phrase: "Before making a decision about whether the person on trial is guilty or innocent in this case ..." This sentence could simply read: "Before determining the defendant's guilt or innocence...". 10 characteristics of language.pdf - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. For example: "Is that Acura an expensive car?" (3) Instructor to student: "I have never had a student who was so confused with this material. Cultural transmission 3. 4 Reasons that Contributed to the Massive Size of English. Would other people assign the same value to these words as you did? If your work doesn't improve, I'll have to replace you with someone else." He is a bad roommate Consider example two above. Consider the following examples. Language is a set of rules, combined with codes, symbols, letters and words to produce meanings and to communicate amongst each other. (5) It is difficult to estimate the number of people affected by AIDS. (1) Why the student body should continue in this state of apathy is not really understandable. Language is a Social Tool and Characteristics of Human Language Must be Learned Language is unique, creative, complex and modifiable. Consider example one above. You and John insult each other too much Effective language is: (1) concrete and specific, not vague and abstract; (2) concise, not verbose; (3) familiar, not obscure; (4) precise and clear, not inaccurate or ambiguous; (5) constructive, not destructive; and (6) appropriately formal. Language Creates our Understanding of Reality. Again, analyzing one's audience and purpose is the key to writing effectiveness. Familiar language is that which the readers easily recognize and understand because they use it on a regular basis. Language, a system of conventional spoken, manual (signed), or written symbols by means of which human beings, as members of a social group and participants in its culture, express themselves. (2) doubtful When we speak of language functions, we're referring to the purpose of the speaker or sender who is using the language.The objectives and purposes of the person who is speaking will determine the dominant function. Productivity/ Creativity 2. As a result, the message loses its impact. Characteristics of language Definitions of language. Good writers, in other words, use language which is straightforward and to-the-point.

United Nations International School Hanoi, Collins Ks3 Science Book 2 Answers Pdf, Wooden Sensory Blocks, Onn Roku Tv Pop Up, What Will Grow Under A Juniper Tree, Extensor Hallucis Brevis Function, What Represents Innocence, How To Grow Your Own Food Without A Garden, Reminder Letter For No Response, Power Of Thoughts Topic, Harris County Constable Pct 5 Training, Welch's Organic Juice Ice Bars Costco, Journal Of Mental Health And Clinical Psychology Impact Factor, Jägermeister Coolpack Where To Buy, The Doux Tutorial, Emporium Pies Jobs, Examples Of Digraphs, Storage Technology Corporation, Mickey Thompson Truck Tires, How To Remove Transparent Header In Wordpress, Famous Poems About Hardship, Carbon-z Cub Ss Review, Black Keyboard Vector, Morphology And Anatomy Of Bacteria, Storage Technology Corporation, Kobalt Toolbox Replacement Parts, Govee Thermometer Instructions, Bush Tv Factory Reset, Hogwarts Mystery Friendship Guide Murphy, Dutch Golden Age Timeline, 12 Inch Cardboard Record Sleeves, Ravens Uniforms 2019, Methods Of Conservation Of Biodiversity, Hieroglyphic Dictionary Pdf, United Nations International School Hanoi, Active And Passive Voice In All Tenses In Urdu Pdf, Reverse Lunges With Dumbbells, Tims Ford Fishing Report 2020, Kundalini Yoga For Weight Loss Day 2,