Perform this type of pruning either in late winter or just after blooming. However, if you do it right, your tree will reward you by producing a more abundant crop of delicious fruit. The best time to prune is after your purple leaf plum has finished blooming for the season, in … Summertime-blooming plum trees must be pruned the following winter or early spring. They don’t like the drought and compacted soils. Fruit-bearing will be greatly enhanced if manure is added at the base of the tree in fall, and if fruit tree fertilizer is added in spring. Silver has a Bachelor of Arts in journalism with an English minor from The Ohio State University. encourages new growth, fragrant flowers and healthy fruits. Dormant pruning allows the tree or shrub to deal with healing the cut, without having to worry about producing leaves and flowers or sending out new growth. How to prune a plum tree – cutting back the leaders . Plum tree; Secateurs; Step 1 Use secateurs to cut back this season’s growth of the main shoots or ‘leaders’ to half their length. The plum is not very pretentious to the vegetation factors, valorising very well the soils from the hill area. It can reduce transplanting stress by reducing leaf surface area to compensate for root loss during harvest from nursery fields. Because these trees bloom early in spring, they bloom on the previous year's growth. Another plus is that winter pruned plants … Curved pruning saws with rough-edged teeth are good for branches thicker than one inch. Whether to prune a fruiting, flowering or ornamental tree or not is largely a matter of choice. grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 8, although there are variances. Damaged and broken limbs drain energy from the tree that could otherwise be spent on healthier areas. Do not use hedge shears to prune trees, advises Clemson University Extension. Their fruits are used for the preparation of the jams, compotes and brandy. Pruning for a desired shape is best accomplished when the tree is young. Winter bloomers, such as P. mexicana, may be trimmed after fruits are harvested in early fall. encourages new growth, fragrant flowers and healthy fruits. To produce healthy fruit, plum trees will benefit from a yearly pruning. What Is the Right Time of Year to Cut an Apricot Tree? Open Center Pruning for Flowering Cherry Benefits, Missouri Botanical Garden: Prunus Cerasifera "Thundercloud", Cal Poly Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute SelecTree: Flowering Plum, Purdue University Cooperative Extension: Pruning Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, Clemson Cooperative Extension: Ornamental Cherry, Plum, Apricot & Almond. Pruning for a desired shape is best accomplished when the tree is young. Most ornamental flowering plums have an acceptable and desirable shape as is, although you may notice branches growing the wrong way. The best time to begin a pruning regimen of any tree is at the planting, notes the University of Minnesota Extension. The New Sunset Western Garden Book: Kathleen Norris Brenzel, ed. Many of the flowering plums (Prunus spp.) The amount of fruits to thin depends on cultivar, size and crop yield. Pruning tools come in different shapes and sizes. We recommend that you take a four step approach before you even begin to prune an established plum tree. Thinning flowering plum trees helps them to absorb light and circulated air. Prune at the right time. Major pruning, in which more than 15 percent of the top of a plant is removed, is best left until early spring (February or March). The reason for this is that although plum trees withstand neglect better than many fruit trees they can be put at risk from bacterial and other infections if you don't carry out pruning correctly. The profusion of blooms is what has solidified most ornamental Prunus species as staples in the landscape. Prune out any branches that are rubbing other branches, those that are growing at an upright, narrow angle from the main trunk, and those that are growing inward. Diseases can quickly spread through the tree if the affected area remains intact. Underdeveloped fruits may keep plum trees from bearing each year so thinning back flower heads and buds encourages growth. Plum trees do not require as precise pruning as apples and pears, but still benefit from initial training and the thinning of old wood to ensure they produce as much fruit as possible. Whether to prune a fruiting, flowering or ornamental tree or not is largely a matter of choice. If you prune before blossoming, you'll lose some buds, but since purple leaf plums flower so prolifically, you may not notice the loss. Clippers for smaller tree branches include scissor-action pruners with sharp blades that slide into thicker blades, and straight-anvil shears which contain a sharp blade that slices against an acute, broadened edge. The way a tree is pruned can be influenced by earlier generations, and how you were taught. Prune your purple leaf plum annually to encourage the growth of new flowering wood. Depending on cultivar and variety, plum trees grown in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 to 10 and other areas of the world feature brightly colored leaves, pink or white flowers and berrylike or pitted fruits. Advertisement. When removing large limbs, you can make three separate cuts around the branch to keep the bark from stripping off. Cutting back to a bud, lateral branch or the main trunk allows the wound to heal quickly. Sharpen and oil your pruning tools at the end of each season. While pruning just after flowering is your best bet for overall pruning, remove any damaged, dead, broken or diseased limbs whenever you find them. You can prune the tree while it is dormant in winter or in summer. In general, the best time to prune trees and shrubs is during the dormant season. Ornamental Gardens; Plant companions; When, How, and Why to Prune Plum Trees For some people, the thought of pruning their plum tree is a thankless task. Find out how to prune your plum tree, below. Training Young Trees. Removing small, weak drupes allows growing plums more room to soak up the sunlight. Stone fruits such as plums, peaches, nectarines and cherries must be thinned between early April to mid May, depending on their time of harvest. Pruning ornamental plum trees (Prunus spp.) With a professional background in gardening, landscapes, pests and natural ecosystems, Jasey Kelly has been sharing her knowledge through writing since 2009 and has served as an expert writer in these fields. Three basic ways to prune are pinching, thinning and crown reduction. Purdue University Extension: Pruning Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, University of Minnesota Extension: Pruning Trees and Shrubs, University of California: Fruit Trees: Thinning Young Fruit, University of Georgia Extension: Pruning Ornamental Plants in the Landscape, Clemson University Cooperative Extension: Pruning Trees, Washington State University Extension: Why Fruit Trees Fail to Bear, Clemson University Cooperative Extension: Ornamental Cherry, Plum, Apricot & Almond, University of Florida Extension: Prunus Cerasifera ‘Atropurpurea’: Pissard Plum. Most flowering plums don't require regular pruning, although certain circumstances may require pruning. The Vase Training Method presented here produces a vase-shaped tree consisting of 3 or 4 scaffolds (main branches) of equal lengths and no central leader (vertical growing top central branch). The Prunus genus contains flowering cherries, plums and almonds, not to mention the fruit-bearing varieties. Plum trees are also grown as ornamental plants since their blooming is generous at the beginning of spring and their foliage stays appealing until the leaves fall off. As ornamental trees have developed out of more traditional and practical pursuits such as fruit growing, there can be the appeal to prune these trees in a standardised manner. Prune to just above a leaf. You may prune the flowering plum during this time if you wish, but beware that doing so might result in a lack of blooms the following spring. During late winter, inspect your flowering plum for branches that might need to be removed either for size or shape control. Strong winds can tear storm-damaged branches. Fruit trees which have never been pruned can still produce fruit annually. Dormant pruning is pruning the tree during the late winter, when no new growth is happening and the tree doesn't have any leaves. Pinching flower heads and twiggy offshoots by hand will help to control the plant’s size. Pole pruners are used for large branches that are high off the ground, with a saw and crescent-shaped cutting blade and a rope to pull the blade over the unwanted branch. … Pruning ornamental plum trees promotes healthy plant tissues, as dead or dying branches and limbs may carry fungal diseases and insect infestations.

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