These mice occur largely in woodland areas where ground cover in the form of leaf litter and lodged grasses offers suitable protection. In most cases, at least one specimen record exists for each listed natural community. They are rarely, if ever, found westward in the zone of sparse rainfall. 75pp. Paul, J.R. 1970. Family: Cricetidae. Reproduction in the pine vole, Microtus pinetorum. Woodland voles do not create surface runways, but dig shallow tunnels 2.5-5.0 cm (1-2 in) in diameter, that permeate the forest floor, to depths of 7.6-10.0 cm (3-4 in), occasionally deeper. Newcomb is the yearround home to three major centers of study and public education: ESF The front feet and claws are larger than those of its relatives. Valentine. They excavate tunnels by loosening the soil with their front teeth and feet, kicking the particles backwards, and stooping periodically to turn around and shove the particles to the surface with their heads. and G.L. Wilson, D.E., F.R. These are likely adaptations to living in cold northern areas. and M.E. The eyes open at 7-9 days, about the same age as a coat of hair and the ability to crawl vigorously develop. Wire guards made of 1⁄4-inch hardware cloth will help prevent meadow vole damage to small trees and shrubs. The ven­tral sur­face is whitish or sil­very. Large-scale fencing of areas is probably not cost-effective. The woodland vole shows many adaptations for its burrowing lifestyle. Add to that the fact that voles’ gestation period is 16 – 24 days, depending on the vole’s exact sub-species and external circumstances, and a female vole can have her first litter as early as the end of her first month of life. Nests 15-18 cm (6-7 in) in diameter and made from dry leaves, grass, and rootlets are either a few centimeters underground or near the surface and under objects such as logs. The fur is short, soft, and silky, almost mole-like in texture. The woodland vole is a small mouse-like rodent (4.3 to 5.5 inches/11 to 14 cm) with short, dense, reddish-brown fur, small eyes and ears (0.4-0.5 in/1-1.3 cm), and a short tail (0.7-0.9 in/1.8 - 2.4 cm) barely longer than the hindfoot. Observations on the life history of the northern pine mouse. Benton, A.H. 1955. 1969. If the property owner does not feel he or she can properly handle the necessary damage control techniques, many wildlife pest control operators are available throughout the state that deal with vole problems.Contact your county extension office or the yellow pages for information regarding these operators. In many cases, the general habitat descriptions should provide greater clarity and direction to the surveyor. Smolen, M.J. 1981. Voles keep these runways free of obstructions, and vegetation near well-traveled runways may be clipped close to the ground. Three litters in a pine mouse nest. The woodland vole occurs in deciduous woodlands with loose sandy soils, deep humus, and heavy leaf litter. Microtus pinetorum. Breeding from first week of February to first week of November. The fur is short, soft, and silky, almost mole-like in texture. These animals regulate their body temperature with great precision when they are active. The woodland vole shows many adaptations for its burrowing lifestyle. They eat crops outright and also cause damage by building extensive runway and tunnel systems through crop fields. Baker, R.H. 1983. Journal of Mammalogy, 51:779-785. 1995. Characters useful in distinguishing this species from other Adirondack voles include fur color and texture, and tail length. There is al­most no sex­ual di­mor­phism within the species. You can now reach the directory through your Faculty/Staff or MyESF student portal. Reproduction: Breeding may take place during any month of the year, but in this region, woodland voles are more apt to breed from early spring until late autumn. Woodland voles are approximately 118-130 mm (4.6-5.1 in) in total length, and weigh 20-35 g (0.7-1.4 oz). Feel Free to call with any questions on pest control. As they build the tunnels, they push out dirt,producing small, conical piles of soil on the ground surface.These small, conical piles of soil are an indicator of woodland vole activity. The woodland vole has a head and body length ranging between 3.25–4.75 in (83–121 mm) with a 0.5–1.5 in (13–38 mm) short tail. Life history notes on Microtus pinetorum in central Connecticut, Journal of Mammalogy, 50:777-784. In the Adirondacks, it chiefly resides in deciduous and mixed forests where soils are loose and covered with a thick leaf litter. Control: The preferred vole damage control techniques vary with the size of the population. Both the latin pinetorum and another common name, the pine vole, refer to a habitat this rodent occupies only in the Southeast. The woodland vole depends on litter cover near surface runways, so heavy leaf litter and grass cover are desirable. Each nest has several openings leading to adjacent tunnels. The tail is about 25 mm (1.0 in) in length, slightly longer than the hind foot. Schadler, M.H. Their burrows are about 4 cm in diameter and seldom more than 7-10 cm beneath the surface of the ground. In the Adirondacks, it chiefly resides in deciduous and mixed forests where soils are loose and covered with a thick leaf litter. Both the latin pinetorum and another common name, the pine vole, refer to a habitat this rodent occupies only in the Southeast. The front feet and claws are larger than those of its relatives. At birth the young ones are blind and naked and weigh slightly more than 2 g. In about 1 week they are well-furred; the eyes open in 9-12 days; and they are weaned when about 17 days old. After the snow has melted in early spring, the runway systems of meadow voles can also create unsightly areas in lawns, golf courses, and ground covers.

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